Date: Fri, 9 Apr 2010 13:27:49 -

Author: Bernard Cleyet

Subject: Re: Assisting Autistic Persons with Telling Time

Post:


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Depends. One reported dial is accurate to +/- 30 s.

A reasonable one will be off at various times +/- 15'.

Equation of time correction

The Equation of Time - above the axis the dial will appear fast, and =
below the dial will appear slow.
Although the Sun appears to rotate nearly uniformly about the Earth, it =
is not perfectly uniform, due to the ellipticity of the Earth's orbit =
(the fact that the Earth's orbit about the Sun is not perfectly =
circular) and the tilt (obliquity) of the Earth's rotational axis =
relative to the plane of its orbit. Therefore, sundials time varies from =
standard clock time. On four days of the year, the correction is =
effectively zero, but on others, it can be as much as a quarter-hour =
early or late. The amount of correction is described by the equation of =
time. This correction is universal; it does not depend on the local =
latitude of the sundial.
In some sundials, the equation of time correction is provided as a =
plaque affixed to the sundial. In more sophisticated sundials, however, =
the equation can be incorporated automatically. For example, some =
equatorial bow sundials are supplied with a small wheel that sets the =
time of year; this wheel in turn rotates the equatorial bow, offsetting =
its time measurement. In other cases, the hour lines may be curved, or =
the equatorial bow may be shaped like a vase, which exploits the =
changing altitude of the sun over the year to effect the proper offset =
in time.[31] A heliochronometer is a precision sundial that corrects =
apparent solar time to mean solar time or another standard time. =
Heliochronometers usually indicate the minutes to within 1 minute of =
Universal Time. See this discussion of the limits of Sundial Accuracy.
An analemma may be added to many types of sundials to correct apparent =
solar time to mean solar time or another standard time. These usually =
have hour lines shaped like "figure eights" (analemmas) according to the =
equation of time. This compensates for the slight eccentricity in the =
Earth's orbit that causes up to a 15 minute variation from mean solar =
time. This is a type of dial furniture seen on more complicated =
horizontal and vertical dials.

Sundial - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

----------------------

It appears clouds absorb UV rather well:

=
http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/grad/neubrew/docs/publications/Seckmeyer_96GL=
02614.pdf


bc suggesst an artificial moving on a track and a sundial. An =
apprehension of time from the position of the sun and a quantitative =
from the sundial's gnomon's shadow.






On 2010, Apr 09, , at 12:39, Bill Norwood wrote:

> A sundial. This might possibly be good for sunny days when they are =
outdoors.
> 3a. But, how does a sundial correct for seasonal changes, or =
does it need to?
> 3b. Has anyone ever heard of an ultraviolet sundial for cloudy =
days?
> =20


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Depends. One =
reported dial is accurate to +/- 30 s.A reasonable one will be off at various times =
+/- 15'.Equation of time =
correctionThe Equation of Time - above the axis the =
dial will appear fast, =
and below the dial will appear slow.Although the Sun appears to rotate nearly uniformly about the =
Earth, it is not perfectly uniform, due to the ellipticity of the =
Earth's orbit (the fact that the Earth's orbit about the Sun is not =
perfectly circular) and the tilt (obliquity) of the Earth's rotational =
axis relative to the plane of its orbit. Therefore, sundials time varies =
from standard clock time. On four days of the year, the correction is =
effectively zero, but on others, it can be as much as a quarter-hour =
early or late. The amount of correction is described by =
the equation of time. =
This correction is universal; =
it does not depend on the local latitude of the =
sundial.In some sundials, =
the equation of time correction is provided as a plaque affixed to the =
sundial. In more sophisticated sundials, however, the equation can be =
incorporated automatically. For example, some equatorial bow sundials =
are supplied with a small wheel that sets the time of year; this wheel =
in turn rotates the equatorial bow, offsetting its time measurement. In =
other cases, the hour lines may be curved, or the equatorial bow may be =
shaped like a vase, which exploits the changing altitude of the sun over =
the year to effect the proper offset in time.[31] A heliochronometer is a precision sundial that =
corrects to mean solar time or another standard time. =
Heliochronometers usually indicate the minutes to within 1 minute =
of Universal Time. =
See this discussion of the limits of Sundial =
Accuracy.An analemma may be =
added to many types of sundials to correct apparent solar time =
to mean solar time or another standard time. =
These usually have hour lines shaped like "figure eights" =
(analemmas) =
according to the equation of time. =
This compensates for the slight eccentricity in the Earth's orbit that =
causes up to a 15 minute variation from mean solar time. This is a type =
of dial furniture seen on more complicated horizontal and vertical =
dials.=
Sundial - Wikipedia, the free =
encyclopedia------------------=
----It appears clouds absorb UV rather =
well:http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/grad/neubrew/docs/publicat=
ions/Seckmeyer_96GL02614.pdfb=
c suggesst an artificial moving on a track and a sundial. An =
apprehension of time from the position of the sun and a quantitative =
from the sundial's gnomon's =
shadow.On 2010, Apr 09, , at 12:39, Bill Norwood =
wrote: A sundial. This might possibly be good for =
sunny days when they are outdoors. 3a. But, =
how does a sundial correct for seasonal changes, or does it need =
to? 3b. Has anyone ever heard of =
an ultraviolet sundial for cloudy days? =

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From tap-l-owner@lists.ncsu.edu Fri Apr 9 16:34:43 2010

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